An Essay On Family Health Role Of Children

Family Health Assessment Essay

2265 WordsJun 7th, 201210 Pages

Wilma J Barboza
NRS 429V Family Health Assessment
Grand Canyon University

Family Health Assessment plays significant role in formulating an appropriate healthcare plan within a family setup. An appropriate health assessment is utilized as a tool for the evaluation of health issues for understanding health choices and assistance in making appropriate health - related choices for a targeted family. Every family is unique having variety of perceptions and different ways of life style. Health care professionals and nurses play an important role in promoting health care for the family. The term family represents children and biological parents living together in a most harmonious way. These family members need to adapt to…show more content…

The family further revealed consumption of heavy meals consists of spicy food, intake of caffeine, smoking, and use of tobacco before bedtime. When asked about the sleep and rest patterns, the parents indicated a potential problem. They reported the difficulty in falling asleep, awakening early or late than desired. They also reported frequent night time awakening, and not feeling well rested the next day. During the survey the parents as well as the children showed visual signs of dark circles around the eyes, frequent yawning, increased irritability, slowed response time and problem solving deficiencies.


Digestive tract is mainly affected by external and internal environmental imbalances as a result of poor diet, amount of stress level, poor eating habits, and not taking appropriate medications. The family complained about their children having digestive disorders that resulted in infrequent bowel movements. The main culprit was the food they consumed contained large amount of starch (rice) and lower level of fibers (fruits and vegetables). The family also revealed existence of digestive disorders in their family which passed on to them. Poor healthy choices aggravated their bowel movements and resulted in frequent gastric troubles, abdominal pain and constipation. Due to Indian cultural values the family relied mainly on home remedies by drinking ginger water, and

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Types of Family Roles

Family roles are the recurrent patterns of behavior by which individuals fulfill family functions and needs (Epstein, N. B. Bishop, D., Ryan, C., Miller, & Keitner, G. (1993) Individual members of families occupy certain roles such as child, sibling, grandchild. Along with roles come certain social and family expectations for how those roles should be fulfilled. For example, parents are expected to teach, discipline, and provide for their children. And children are expected to cooperate and respect their parents. As family members age, they take on additional roles, such as becoming a spouse, parent, or grandparent. A person's role is always expanding or changing, depending upon his or her age and family stage.

Instrumental and Affective Roles

Individuals within a family have both instrumental and affective roles to fulfill. Each serves an important function in maintaining healthy family functioning. Instrumental roles are concerned with the provision of physical resources (e.g., food, clothing, and shelter), decision-making and family management. Affective roles exist to provide emotional support and encouragement to family members. Both sets of roles must be present for healthy family functioning. In addition, families must also consider issues of roles allocation and accountablility.

Five Essential Roles for Effective Family Functioning

There are many roles within a family; however, researchers have identified the following five roles as being essential for a healthy family.

  • Provision of Resources

    Providing resources, such as money, food, clothing, and shelter, for all family members is one of the most basic, yet important, roles within a family. This is primarily an instrumental role.

  • Nurturance and Support

    Nurturing and supporting other family members is primarily an affective role and includes providing comfort, warmth, and reassurance for family members. Examples of this role are a parent comforting a child after he/she has a bad day at school, or family members supporting one another after the death of a loved one.

  • Life Skills Development

    The life skills development role includes the physical emotional, educational, and social development of children and adults. Examples of this role are a parent helping a child make it through school, or a parent helping a young adult child decide on a career path.

  • Maintenance and Management of the Family System

    This fourth role involves many tasks, including leadership, decision making, handling family finances, and maintaining appropriate roles with respect to extended family, friends and neighbors. Other responsibilities of this role include maintaining discipline and enforcing behavioral standards.

  • Sexual Gratification of Marital Partners

    A satisfying sexual relationship is one of the keys to a quality marital relationship. This role involves meeting sexual needs in a manner that is satisfying to both spouses.

Role Allocation

Role allocation is the assignment of responsibilities within a family that enables the family to function properly.

Families have to make many decisions, often on a daily basis, about who will be responsible for completing a certain task or fulfilling a particular responsibility. For example, families must decide who will take out the trash, who will take the children to school, who will cook dinner, who will watch the children after they return from school, who will work and provide financial support for the family, etc. In healthy families, roles are assigned in such a way that family members are not overburdened.


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